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Astronomers discover a just lately found luminous quasar

Astronomers discover a just lately found luminous quasar

2023-05-24 19:20:13

Astronomers explore a recently discovered luminous quasar
The sunshine curve of J1144 within the 0.5–10 keV band. Credit score: Kammoun et al, 2023

Utilizing numerous area telescopes, a world crew of astronomers have noticed a just lately detected luminous quasar referred to as SMSS J114447.77-430859.3, or J1144 for brief. Outcomes of the observational marketing campaign, out there within the July 2023 version of Month-to-month Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, shed extra mild on the properties of this supply.

Quasars, or quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) are active galactic nuclei (AGN) of very excessive luminosity, emitting electromagnetic radiation observable in radio, infrared, seen, ultraviolet and X-ray wavelengths. They’re among the many brightest and most distant objects within the recognized universe, and function basic instruments for quite a few research in astrophysics in addition to cosmology. As an illustration, quasars have been used to analyze the large-scale construction of the universe and the period of reionization. Additionally they improved our understanding of the dynamics of supermassive black holes and the intergalactic medium.

J1144 was detected in June 2022 at a redshift of 0.83. It has a bolometric luminosity of about 470 quattuordecillion erg/s, which makes it essentially the most luminous quasar during the last 9 billion years of cosmic historical past. Additionally it is the optically brightest (unbeamed) quasar at a redshift higher than 0.4.

It’s estimated that the mass of the black gap in J1144 is roughly 2.6 billion photo voltaic plenty. This worth, along with the excessive bolometric luminosity, yields an Eddington ratio at a stage of 1.4 for this quasar.

A gaggle of astronomers led by Elias Kammoun of the College of Toulouse, France, has carried out X-ray observations of this quasar utilizing Spektr-RG, Swift, NuSTAR and XMM-Newton area telescopes. These 4 area observatories allowed them to realize extra insights into the properties of J1144.

The observational marketing campaign discovered that J1144 reveals an X-ray variability by an element of about 10 inside a 12 months. Furthermore, the outcomes point out additionally a shorter timescale variability of the order of roughly 2.7 inside 40 days. In response to the authors of the research, the massive X-ray variability is because of intrinsic adjustments within the X-ray luminosity of the supply accompanied with adjustments within the absorption within the line of sight.

The observations point out that J1144 appears to accrete at a fee bigger than 40% of the Eddington restrict. Nevertheless, the astronomers famous that If the black gap spin is comparatively low, the accretion fee may even exceed the Eddington restrict.

The researchers underlined that the X-ray and optical properties of J1144 are totally different from many high-Eddington sources. They suppose that this supply could also be a typical radio-quiet quasar slightly than a high-Eddington quasi-stellar object.

The authors of the paper added that deeper X-ray and ultraviolet/optical observations of J1144 are wanted to attract last conclusions in regards to the nature of this supply and its variability.

Extra data:
E S Kammoun et al, The primary X-ray have a look at SMSS J114447.77-430859.3: essentially the most luminous quasar within the final 9 Gyr, Month-to-month Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2023). DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stad952

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Astronomers discover a just lately found luminous quasar (2023, Could 24)
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