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Brandolini’s legislation – Wikipedia

Brandolini’s legislation – Wikipedia

2023-04-14 05:47:48

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Problem of refuting false or deceptive data

Brandolini’s legislation, also referred to as the bullshit asymmetry precept, is an web adage coined in 2013 that emphasizes the hassle of debunking misinformation, compared to the relative ease of making it within the first place. It states that “The quantity of power wanted to refute bullshit is an order of magnitude greater than that wanted to supply it.”[1][2]


The adage was publicly formulated the primary time in January 2013[3] by Alberto Brandolini, an Italian programmer. Brandolini acknowledged that he was impressed by studying Daniel Kahneman‘s Thinking, Fast and Slow proper earlier than watching an Italian political discuss present with former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi and journalist Marco Travaglio.[4][5]


The persistent declare that vaccines cause autism is a first-rate instance of Brandolini’s legislation. The false claims, regardless of in depth investigation exhibiting no relationship, have had a disastrous impression on public well being. A long time of analysis and makes an attempt to teach the general public have didn’t eradicate the misinformation.[6]

In one other instance, shortly after the Boston Marathon bombing, the declare {that a} pupil who had survived the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting had been killed by the bombing started to unfold throughout social media. Regardless of many makes an attempt to debunk the rumor, together with an investigation by Snopes, the false story was shared by greater than 92,000 individuals and was coated by main information businesses.[6]

In an instance of Brandolini’s legislation through the COVID-19 pandemic, a journalist at Radio-Canada stated, “It took this man quarter-hour to make his video and it took me three days to fact-check.”[7]

See Also

The yoga scholar-practitioners Mark Singleton and Borayin Larios write that a number of of their colleagues have “privately” expressed their “aversion to public debate” with non-scholars due to Brandolini’s legislation.[8]

Environmental researcher Dr. Phil Williamson of University of East Anglia implored different scientists in 2016 to get on-line and refute falsehoods to their work at any time when doable, regardless of the problem per Brandolini’s legislation. He wrote, “the scientific course of would not cease when outcomes are revealed in a peer-reviewed journal. Wider communication can be concerned, and that features guaranteeing not solely that data (together with uncertainties) is known, but additionally that misinformation and errors are corrected the place essential.”[1]

See additionally[edit]


  1. ^ a b Williamson, Phil (6 December 2016). “Take the time and effort to correct misinformation”. Nature. 540 (7632): 171. doi:10.1038/540171a.
  2. ^ Thatcher, Jim; Shears, Andrew; Eckert, Josef (April 2018). “Rethinking the Geoweb and Big Data: Mixed Methods and Brandolini’s Law”. Pondering Huge Knowledge in Geography: New Regimes, New Analysis. U of Nebraska Press. pp. 232–. ISBN 978-1-4962-0537-7.
  3. ^ Brandolini, Alberto. “Bullshit Asymmetry Principle – Twitter”. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  4. ^ Brandolini, Alberto. “Twitter reply”. Twitter. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  5. ^ Brandolini, Alberto. “Twitter reply”. Twitter. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  6. ^ a b Bergstrom, Carl T.; West, Jevin D. (2020). Calling bullshit : the artwork of skepticism in a data-driven world. New York. pp. 11–17. ISBN 978-0-525-50918-9. OCLC 1127668193.
  7. ^ Lapierre, Matthew (June 18, 2021). “Truth, lies and the disinformation problem that won’t go away”. The Montreal Gazette.
  8. ^ Singleton, Mark; Larios, Borayin (2020). “4. The Scholar-Practitioner of Yoga within the Western Academy”. In Newcombe, Suzanne; O’Brien-Kop, Karen (eds.). Routledge Handbook of Yoga and Meditation Research. Abingdon, Oxfordshire. pp. 37–50. ISBN 978-1-351-05075-3. OCLC 1192307672.

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