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Henry “Smokey” Yunick — Gasoline vaporizing carburetor system

Henry “Smokey” Yunick — Gasoline vaporizing carburetor system

2023-04-16 13:36:47


Henry “Smokey” YUNICK

Adiabatic Engine


Grainews ( July 1983 ) — p. 27

Smokey’s New Sizzling Vapourizing Engine
Creates Warmth in Detroit

By Brad Dennis

What engine is smother than an electrical motor, meets all
emission requirements with out digital tools, produces 2
horsepower per cubic inch of engine, can ship 60 miles per
gallon and weighs solely 170 kilos?

Properly, it’s the event by a researcher I’ve written about
in earlier articles – Smokey Yunick.

This text updates the standing of Smokey’s Sizzling Vapor Gasoline
System. That proper: sizzling vapor gasoline. I’ve hammered at this concept
in plenty of articles for over two years.

This little motor actually is a GM V-6 engine block minimize all the way down to a
V-2 cylinder. It’s turbocharged and feeds sizzling air and vaporized
gasoline to its cylinders. Some of the distinctive elements of this
design, in addition to having GM engineers speaking to themselves, is
that this sizzling vapor system operates so there’s no detonation.

The very first thing that strikes you about this engine is its measurement.
“Seventy-eight cubic inches and 170 kilos”, says Smokey.
One other shocking factor: There’s no cooling fan. Actually, there
are solely two quarts of water in your entire system, together with the
tiny radiator.

Smokey calls it his “Part I adiabatic engine”. Adiabatic is an
engineering time period that refers to any course of wherein there’s no
achieve nor lack of warmth.

A very adiabatic engine isn’t potential, however the nearer
you get, the upper the engine’s effectivity and the higher the
gasoline mileage. In different phrases, the much less warmth vitality generated by
the burning gasoline that you just throw away by way of the exhaust and
cooling methods (very like the automobiles all of us drive in the present day), the
extra vitality there’s out there to maneuver the automobile.

The Secret is within the Plumbing

Regardless of its clearly refined make-up, the engine is
surprisingly easy. Don’t search for unique supplies, novel
mechanical linkages or distinctive constructions. You received’t discover them.

Though the experimental engine is hand-welded from aluminum,
that isn’t the way in which a manufacturing unit could be made.

The equipment, together with the carburetor, are largely pickups
from round his store. There aren’t any digital units. Smokey
prefers to keep away from them. So, his engines run with easy
carburetor and breaker factors. But, the system totally meets all
emission requirements. Consequently, producers may remove
all these costly, ridiculous converters and air pumps.

The key of the engine’s exceptional efficiency is its distinctive
three-stage warmth restoration system, which accounts for the
strange-looking plumbing.

In essence, Smokey makes use of a part of what could be waste warmth in a
standard engine to preheat the air-fuel combination earlier than it
reaches the cylinders for combustion.

To know how this technique works, comply with Determine 1 by way of
the cooling jacket traces to a boxlike construction below the
carburetor (this gadget is only a warmth exchanger). Smokey calls
this the first-stage vapor generator. All of the air-fuel combine from
the carburetor passes by way of it and is heated to over 200
levels F. This will increase gasoline vaporization for a lot smoother
methods.

At this level, Smokey begins to chop throughout the grain of
accepted induction and combustion concept, or at the least now he’s
writing a brand new chapter: Bear in mind, usually, consumption cost
temperatures hardly ever exceed 130 F.

Smokey’s innovation has a barely totally different twist than most
vapor carburetion designs. He incorporates a small turbocharger
which he calls a homogenizer. The compressor aspect of this unit
is jacketed with a metallic envelope. A pipe from the exhaust
system vents sizzling gases into the envelope. This heats the consumption
cost even additional.

Smokey’s engine introduces a sizzling cost into the chamber, so
there’s much less likelihood for the combination in touch with the partitions to
cool under its burn temperature.

The third and closing preheating takes place within the consumption
manifold. Smokey describes it as “a shell over a shell, a warmth
exchanger or a superheater”.

By the point the mi passes by way of the heated manifold, its
temperature has reached 440 F.

Smokey explains the second perform of the homogenizer this
means: “When the consumption combine confronts this excessive temperature, it
begins to develop. The tendency with out the homogenizer could be
to again out of the carburateor. It’s the homogenizer’s job to
maintain about half a pound of stress on the manifold. It acts as
a one-way valve”.

Smokey describes his assessments with gasoline vaporization: “On the circulate
bench and on the dynamometer, we’d pull out a pattern of air-fuel
combination combined by the usual carburetor, and also you couldn’t punch
a stopwatch quick sufficient earlier than the combination began to separate
right into a liquid and air once more. However, when the combination goes by way of
your entire heated course of after which by way of the homogenizer, it’s
20 minutes earlier than it begins to settle out”.

That is the explanation why heated vaporizing methods produce a
drastic discount in unburned hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide,
that are the 2 main emission issues in autos. They’re
prompted primarily by two issues: cost stratification and
floor quenching.

Stratification happens when the gasoline combination separates into two
distinct lean and wealthy mixtures or layers. The homogenizer
prevents this by making a uniform focus of gasoline within the
cost.

Floor quenching happens as a result of the temperature of the
combustion chamber wall is decrease than that required for
combustion. This cools the combination in touch with the floor
under its burn temperature. Thus, combustion stays incomplete
and the unburned hydrocarbons are expelled with the spent gases.

What everybody, together with the foremost automobile engineers, want to
know is why Smokey’s engine doesn’t destroy itself with irregular
combustion or detonation.

Detonation happens when both the temperature or the stress
in a combustion chamber is just too excessive. Inside the new chamber
reactions turn out to be so speedy that uncontrolled, usually damaging,
combustion begins to happen in elements of the chamber somewhat than
clean, progressive burning. These speedy reactions produce
high-frequency stress waves that beat in opposition to the combustion
chamber partitions, inflicting the vibrations we all know as knock or ping.

The high-temperature combination in Smokey’s engine ought to trigger
extreme and damaging detonation. The one option to cut back this
situation could be to scale back the temperature and/or stress, or
at the least use the next octane gasoline.

Not less than that is the one means we’ve ever been skilled to suppose.
That’s proper! We’ve been led down a slender path of engineering
experience, with out being allowed to design different strategies merely
as a result of the engineering manuals say, “That’s not potential”.
Smokey defies generally accepted thermodynamic concept by including
warmth, pressurizing and operating on common unleaded gasoline, and
his engine received’t detonate. The engineers from Detroit are
confused about why this motor received’t detonate. It’s fairly easy:
If the air and gasoline are each heated and totally vaporized
right into a homogeneously heated combination, there will be no dissociated
liquid gasoline particles; therefore no detonation.

In its easiest type, if the gasoline is in a real vapor state and
will be held that means earlier than combustion, there will be no
detonation. The gasoline in a real vapor state has a a lot larger
resistance to ping, whereas nonetheless utilizing a low grade of gasoline.

Smokey’s contradiction of all standard theories on
detonation and gasoline habits have stirred sufficient pleasure to
convey high executives and engineers from Ford, GM and Chrysler,
in addition to from a number of international builders. Many of the top-level
executives from the massive three have pushed the automobile with Smokey’s
sizzling vapor engine and, since a few of the take a look at drives, there have
been checks for as a lot as $200,00 for short-term choices on the
design.

Smokey’s drawback with these contracts was the unwillingness of
firms to… [ page 31 missing ]


http://schou.dk/hvce/

Sizzling Vapor Cycle Engine – HVCE

The Adiabatic Engine

This web page is a translation from the Swedish “Sizzling Rod Journal”.
It was printed 1984. The article was in two elements. The primary
described the story about Smokey Yunick and what he had accomplished in
the previous. The second article described the Sizzling Vapor Cycle
Engine. The creator of the article was Anders “Bostic” Envall and
the photographer was Anders Albinsson. The interpretation from
sweedish to english was made by Hans Schou in april 2002.

Henry (Harry, Gregory) “Smokey” Yunick was born on Might 25, 1923
within the Maryville space, Tennessee. Died in Might 2001.

“I labored on my motorbike and I used to be racing on a half-mile
observe. I did not do an excellent job because it was smoking like a SOB.
The man had forgotten my identify, so after I acquired to doing fairly
good he began calling me ‘Smokey’. One of many guys I labored
with was there when he known as me Smokey. Once I set to work the
subsequent day, he saved calling me Smokey. Earlier than you knew it
everyone was calling me that. The nickname caught.” — Smokey
Yunick

From: Tad Barteau

Mr. Unick constructed a small v-twin 4 cycle engine that was
standard aside from the addition ot three units that have been
recognized, understood and unpatentable. On the time he was attempting to
patent the brand new techinque of utilizing these three units collectively
and solely described two of them within the article for the sake of
safety.

http://www.amug.org/~mzwhiz/smokey.html

I requested Smokey in regards to the adiabatic engine that everyone knows
about and he replied, “The adiabatic engine is parked, ‘cept the
U S Military checked out it in April ’98. I doubt a lot will come out
of these conferences.”

http://www.mzwhiz.com/smokey1.html

http://www.focusresearch.com/gregor/wow.html

Adiabatic Of, referring to, or denoting a reversible
thermodynamic course of executed at fixed entropy and occurring
with out achieve or lack of warmth. Reference: Yunick Adiabatic
Engine. Smokey Yunick has invented an adiabatic engine. It was
talked about within the 2000-11 situation of Fashionable Science (“FYI”, web page
89). Now we have heard about, however not but confirmed a point out within the
1983-04 situation of Fashionable Science as properly.

http://www.fortunecity.com/greenfield/bp/16/feedback.html

Did you occur to listen to about “Smokey” Henry Yunick’s adiabatic
engine? He holds a number of patents associated to the article I noticed in
the April 1983 situation of Fashionable Science. He managed to get 150
Hp and 60 MPG out of a 78 ci. 2 cyl motor. The article even goes
on to say that one of many “detroit boys” have been donating a automobile
(chassis) to him for testing. After all you’ve got by no means heard about
this since. Try patent #4,862,859 and his associated patents.

http://www.thecarconnection.com/index.asp?article=1942&n=163,209&sid=209

…found that one of many predominant elements was Smokey’s
“homogenizer.” Truly, it’s a low-pressure turbocharger
put in within the consumption manifold simply after the carburetor. In
essence, the “homogenizer” is among the elements in his
design of an adiabatic engine. Though it might have been in a position to
go the emissions assessments in its day (1983), it in all probability may
not accomplish that in the present day.

http://www.diy-efi.org/diy_efi/html_archives/archive_num_91/msg00500.html

From: TMatthe@aol.com

I met Smokey Yunick at a seminar at Charlotte Motor Speedway in
88 or so and requested him about this undertaking; the engine he used
was a Mopar 2.2, and the engine had one elementary problem- he
stated that there was no oil that will final for a passable
size of time in operation aside from mil-spec jet engine oil,
which he stated was $98 a quart on the time. I have never heard
something about this undertaking since then.

Half as massive, Double nearly as good — Smokey’s
not possible engine.

Img1: Ah, Bostic and Benson, Welcome! After three decennier(?)
Smokey Yunick opens his secret door. He’s prepared along with his
livsverk(?) and world patent on the similar time. Behind this door
the automotive trade will see a change of the longer term…

The legendaric Smokey Yunick is not only a world champ in
fusktrim(?) He’s additionally genious. One of the best show up to now known as
the “Sizzling Vapor”. A brand new engine which can revolutionize the outlet
automotive trade. Smokey’s self constructed 2 cylinder engine
provides the double horsepower as an ordinary 4 cylinder engine of
the identical measurement. Additional extra is makes use of a lot much less gasoline and exhaust
a lot much less polution. Sizzling Vapor is nearly too good to be true. However
an enthusiastic Bostic is convinsed. It’s true!

Img2: …right here is all of the cooling water guided by way of to warmth
up the gasoline combination concurrently the water looses its
warmth… Smokey Yunick is in a bestående(?) adiabetic interval.
Some ranges above all different folks as ordinary.

Img3: The effective factor in regards to the Sizzling Vapor engine is that may be a
standard building. We discover regular elements even that
essentially the most of them has been fitted excessive påfretsningarna(?). The
thought is that one ought to be capable of convert an ordinary engine to
Sizzling Vapor! However Smokey largely like the two cylindred, which is a
modified Buick V6.

Take into consideration this: Your pal has a frän(?) Golf GTI. Ou-ou.
110 horses 4 cylinder. 0-100 km/t in 10 seconds and a gasoline utilization
in about 0.70 l/milon the excessive means. Your pal is blissful.

Prepared?

You might have additionally a Golf. A 2 cylinder with 150 horses! 0-100 in 9
seconds. Gasoline consumption? Sure, unbeliveable 0.39 l/mil. Combined
driving!! You might be extra blissful than your pal.

Fantasy? Misspelled? Ciffor-fitting?

No, no, no! Welcome to the longer term. At the moment!

Welcome at the back of Smokey Yunicks “Greatest rattling storage in
city”, Daytona seashore, Florida. Issues occurred right here…

After 32 years of labor the undertaking is prepared. Smokeys
livsverk(?). World premier. World patent.

Sizzling Vapor Cycle Engine. A brand new engine… Prototypes has been
operating in 18 months in several vehicles together with “your” Golf.
The result’s wonderful.

In contrast with well-known engine varieties the Sizzling Vapor has an
nearly not possible mixture of properties:

* Much less variety of cylinders
* Extra horsepower
* Extra torque
* Extra clear combustion
* Much less gasoline consumption

What to say about this equation?

As Smokey is the daddy of the Sizzling Vapor engine, we’ve got to
make one factor clear: The engine will not be constructed with racing
in thoughts.

Not but as Smokey says which suggests that we shouldn’t be
chocked the day the hat and boots exhibits up at Indy 500 with a
tuned Sizzling Vapor…. V2? V4? V6?

No, this can lead to extra vital modifications than the end result
listing at Indy. This can lead to a change within the gap automotive
trade on the planet. Will we go to maneuver round in vehicles,
vans, MCs, boats and so on. powered by Smokey Yunicks patent within the
future? That is the concept behind all of it.

No loss

If we must always begin on a delicate observe and attempt to describe how this
new engine works. Not straightforward, saved in thoughts that solely two individuals
is aware of about it. Smokey and his proper hand svenskättade(?) Ralph
Johnson is reserved for the essential particulars till they actually
acquired the world patent. Such issues take time.

The idea have truly been recognized for lengthy by engineers all
over the world and we must always remember that 1000’s of
engineers have tried to construct this engine. All have failed.
Moreover Smokey.

He truly calls the undertaking “Part 1 adiabatic engine”.

“Adiabatic” is a technical time period which describes the method
the place there may be neither a achieve or lack of warmth.

A full adiabatic engine will not be potential however the extra warmth which
can be utilized through the course of the more practical the engine
turns into. In all elements.

Most of todays engines makes use of solely 25% of the potential warmth
vitality in gasoline. The opposite 75% is simply misplaced in exhaust, cooling
and so on. That is simply what have retat(?) Smokey and all different
engineers. To have the ability to use extra warmth vitality have been the
goal. Warmth is the key phrase.

The engine building is conventional. We discover a engine block,
crankshaft, stakar(?), pistons, high block, camshaft, inlet,
exhaust, and so on. The nice outdated elements are right here, regardless of fitted
for the Sizzling Vapor. The actual fact is that one ought to be capable of
convert a standard engine to this Sizzling Vapor model.

Moreover constructing a 1-, 2- and 3-cylinder himself, Smokey has
efficiently transformed current 4-cylinder engines. See desk.
Automobile/engine  Gasoline consumption 0-100 km/t
Plymouth Horizon, 4-cyl& 1.00 l/mil 14.5 sec.
Plymouth Horizon, Sizzling Vapor. 0.43 l/mil 6.5 sec.
Pontiac Fiero, 4-cyl  1.07 l/mil 14.2 sec.
Pontiac Fiero, Sizzling Vapor 0.46 l/mil 5.9 sec.

The factor which makes the distinction between a Sizzling Vapor and a
regular engine is by first view a complicated pipe system. It’s
simply on this pipe system every little thing occurs. Right here occurs what
have given the undertaking its identify: “Sizzling Vapor”. Right here occurs the
warmth förångningen(?) of the gasoline and air combination. The trick! To
warmth up the gasoline. It occurs in three steps.

In sizzling air

On the wall in Smokeys workplace is an exploded drawing of the two
cylinder engine which is positioned within the Golf. We take that engine
as instance. Smokey takes his glasses from his hat and put them
on his nostril and begins pointing and speaking…

It mustn’t work with any gasoline injection it is rather essential
with a caburator to hinna(?) put together the combination correctly. he
explains. Right here occurs the primary heating says Smokey and factors
at a field under the caburator which omslutar(?) first a part of the
inlet pipe.

All water within the cooling system is compelled by way of this field. All
water is simply 2 liter inclusive the radiator(?). There isn’t any fan
in any respect. Adiabatic… When the combination has handed the field and is
heated as much as 90° Cit involves the second step.

The homogenizer says Smokey and factors at an exhaust turbin
wheel which is related to an inlet turbin wheel. Aha, like a
turbo, sure? I nod to the cowboy hat so he’ll suppose that I can
comply with him. Sensible man and so forth. No! Not turbo! he says somewhat
offended. A homogenizer it ought to be. The aim of the
homogenizer is to completely atomized the gasoline air combination to an
excessive effective vapor. In any other case it could be not possible to futher
warmth up the combination. When the combination has handed the turbin
wheel it’s extra heated. Partly due to the friction and
partly as a result of the homogenizer is incapsulated within the exhaust
system. The combination is now 140° C.

Subsequent step is the inlet system which is completely incapsulated in
the exhaust system. Right here the combination will get heated as much as 230° C!
Now issues begins to happend.

Right here it expands like hell Smokey explains and thinks that the
gasoline vapor expands so much at this temperature. Precisely as we would like
to. Ofcourse. Right here the homogenizer has a futher position: to be a
again valve, to carry again the stress which comes from the
expanded gasoline combination. With out this again valve the highest will likely be
thrown to Orlando… properly.. Moreover the homogenizer presses with
0.45 kg. When the combination reaches the combustion chamber extra
than 25% of the vitality “is able to go” (230° C). And with full
compression, earlier than ignition, the combination has reached the
excessive 820° C. After this comes the spark.

You see says Smokey, what forces the piston down will not be the
warmth, it’s the stress… Due to the warmth I hopefully
reply (to win again some worthwhile factors). Thats proper says
Smokey and put the glasses on his hat and go sit in his chair.
The boots is naturly on the desk. Thats in regards to the story he says
and lightweight his pibe.

Smokeys secret

There’s something lacking in Smokeys Sizzling Vapor engine.
Truly the engine ought to destroy it self. Most individuals is aware of
that too excessive temperature within the combustion chamber will let to
spikes(?) (uncontrolled self ignition within the combustion chamber)
if not the gasoline has the very best octane class. However with these
figures Smokey forces up within the combustion chamber, no gasoline in
the world would be capable of save the engine. In any respect.

Despite the fact that it runs good on unleaded common gasoline. Not a single
spike! Be welcome, you might be free to guess. As a result of right here is Smokey
like mummie. The answer to this drawback is the key phrase to the
patent. Actual secret.

It’s actually fairly easy, and I’m carefull not saying too
a lot. That is the one means I will be certain no one is aware of how the
system precisely works says Smokey who not simply get guests from
sneaking information papers.

See Also

GM, Ford, Chrysler and plenty of international automobile manufactors comes
round in “Greatest rattling storage on the town”. To emphasize take a look at Smokeys
take a look at vehicles with the brand new engine. It’s the greatest engineers from the
manufators who present up andd they arrive a number of occasions. Smokey is
laughin. They arrive again as a result of they can’t get the engine to
spike. A few of them does every little thing to get the engine spiking.
Nobody has succeseeded.

A technician drove about 30 km/t in highest gear and suddently
pressed the throttle. The one factor which happend was that he
drove from every little thing that day.

A few of them flip of the engine and starst once more and offers full
throttle. Wheel spin. Others simply get velocity champs on the excessive
means in hunt for spikes.

See additionally:
http://digg.com/general_sciences/Smokey_Yunick_and_the_adiabatic_engine


Patents



Apparatus
and

Operating Method for an Internal Combustion Engine

USP
4862859

1989-09-05
Classification:  – worldwide: F02M15/00; F02M15/06;
F02M25/07; F02M29/02; F02M31/087; F02M31/10; F02M31/18;
F02B1/04; F02M15/00; F02M25/07; F02M29/00; F02M31/02; F02B1/00;
(IPC1-7): F02M31/08 ;  – European: F02M25/07J4L; F02M15/00;
F02M15/06; F02M25/07; F02M29/02; F02M31/087; F02M31/10;
F02M31/18
Summary —  A way and equipment for working an
electrical ignition, inner combustion engine that considerably
improves the gasoline effectivity by using warmth usually
discharged to the ambient to situation and put together the gasoline
combination previous to entry into the combustion chambers. The
equipment includes a gasoline vaporizer that transfers warmth from
the engine coolant system to the gasoline combination because it leaves a
gasoline introducing gadget comparable to a carburetor; a gasoline combination
heater for heating the combination above the vaporization
temperature of the liquid gasoline; and, a mix homogenizer for
totally stirring the gasoline combination that’s positioned within the gasoline
combination circulate path intermediate the vaporizer and heater. The
homogenizer is operative to compress the gasoline combination below
sure engine working situations and the heater types the
consumption manifold for the engine and contains department circulate paths
and related conduits that talk instantly with every
combustion chamber by way of a valve managed port. The gasoline
combination circulate path from the homogenizer is constructed to
reduce vitality losses to the ambient.


 
Fuel
Conditioning
Apparatus

and Method
USP
4637365

1987-01-20
Classification:  – worldwide: F02M15/00; F02M15/06;
F02M25/07; F02M29/02; F02M31/08; F02M31/087; F02M31/10;
F02M31/18; F02B1/04; F02M15/00; F02M25/07; F02M29/00; F02M31/02;
F02B1/00; (IPC1-7): F02M31/00 ; – European: F02M15/00;
F02M15/06; F02M25/07; F02M29/02; F02M31/08L; F02M31/087;
F02M31/10; F02M31/10B; F02M31/18
Summary —  A way and equipment for working an
inner combustion engine that considerably improves the gasoline
effectivity by using warmth usually discharged to the ambient
to situation and put together the gasoline combination previous to entry into
the combustion chambers. The equipment includes a gasoline
vaporizer, a gasoline combination heater and a mix homogenizer
positioned in a gasoline combination circulate path intermediate the vaporizer
and the heater. The gasoline vaporizer contains construction defining
an internal warmth change chamber which receives air and entrained
gasoline discharged by a gasoline introducing gadget comparable to a
carburetor. The gasoline combination is heated and at the least partially
vaporized by engine waste warmth derived from the engine cooling
system or alternately the engine exhaust system. To facilitate
the switch of warmth to the gasoline combination, a pair of warmth
change members are disposed within the chamber and embrace a
provide tube defining a circulate path for fluid carrying engine waste
warmth and a plurality of bristle-like warmth change surfaces
radiating outwardly from the provision tube. The bristle-like
surfaces are positioned in warmth change relation with the gasoline
combination within the vaporizing chamber and switch warmth from the
warmth change fluid to the gasoline combination because the gasoline combination
passes by way of the vaporizer.


Apparatus
and

Operating Method for an Internal Combustion Engine

USP
4503833

Classification: – worldwide: F02M15/00; F02M15/06;
F02M25/07; F02M29/02; F02M31/087; F02M31/10; F02M31/18;
F02B1/04; F02M15/00; F02M25/07; F02M29/00; F02M31/02; F02B1/00;
(IPC1-7): F02M31/00 ; – European: F02M25/07J4L; F02M15/00;
F02M15/06; F02M29/02; F02M31/087; F02M31/10; F02M31/18
Summary — A way and equipment for working an
electrical ignition, inner combustion engine that considerably
improves the gasoline effectivity by using warmth usually
discharged to the ambient to situation and put together the gasoline
combination previous to entry into the combustion chambers. The
equipment includes a gasoline vaporizer that transfers warmth from
the engine coolant system to the gasoline combination because it leaves a
gasoline introducing gadget comparable to a carburetor; a gasoline combination
heater for heating the combination above the vaporization
temperature of the liquid gasoline; and, a mix homogenizer for
totally stirring the gasoline combination that’s positioned within the gasoline
combination circulate path intermediate the vaporizer and heater. The
homogenizer is operative to compress the gasoline combination below
sure engine working situations and the heater types the
consumption manifold for the engine and contains department circulate paths
and related conduits that talk instantly with every
combustion chamber by way of a valve managed port. The gasoline
combination circulate path from the homogenizer is constructed to
reduce vitality losses to the ambient.



Apparatus and
Operating Method for an Internal Combustion Engine


US4592329

1986-06-03
Classification:  – worldwide: F02M15/00; F02M15/06;
F02M25/07; F02M29/02; F02M31/087; F02M31/10; F02M31/18;
F02B1/04; F02M15/00; F02M25/07; F02M29/00; F02M31/02; F02B1/00;
(IPC1-7): F02M31/00 ; – European: F02M31/18; F02M15/00;
F02M15/06; F02M25/07J4L; F02M29/02; F02M31/087; F02M31/10
Summary — A way and equipment for working an electrical
ignition, inner combustion engine that considerably improves
the gasoline effectivity by using warmth usually discharged to the
ambient to situation and put together the gasoline combination previous to entry
into the combustion chambers. The equipment includes a gasoline
vaporizer (50) that transfers warmth from the engine coolant
system to the gasoline combination because it leaves a gasoline introducing
gadget comparable to a carburetor (38); a gasoline combination heater (52) for
heating the combination above the vaporization temperature of the
liquid gasoline; and, a mix homogenizer (54) for totally
stirring the gasoline combination that’s positioned within the gasoline combination
circulate path intermediate the vaporizer and heater. The homogenizer
is operative to compress the gasoline combination below sure engine
working situations and the heater types the consumption manifold
for the engine and contains department circulate paths (152a) and
related conduits (164) that talk instantly with every
combustion chamber (32) by way of a valve managed port (34a).
The gasoline combination circulate path from the homogenizer is constructed
to reduce vitality losses to the ambient.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smokey_Yunick

Smokey Yunick

Henry “Smokey” Yunick (born Might 25, 1923, Neshaminy,
Pennsylvania, died Might 9, 2001 of leukemia) was a mechanic and
automobile designer related to motorsports in the USA.

Yunick was deeply concerned within the early years of the NASCAR,
and he’s in all probability most related to that racing style. He
participated as a racer, designer, and different jobs referring to
the game however was best-known as a mechanic, builder, and crew
chief. He was famend as a crotchety, crusty, opinionated
character who “was about nearly as good as there ever was on engines,”
in line with Marvin Panch, who drove inventory vehicles for Yunick and
received the 1961 Daytona 500. His trademark white uniform and
battered cowboy hat, along with a cigar or corncob pipe, have been
a well-recognized sight within the pits of virtually each NASCAR or
Indianapolis 500 race for over twenty years. In 1990 he was
inducted into the Worldwide Motorsports Corridor of Fame.

Youth

Yunick grew up on a farm in Neshaminy, Pennsylvania and needed to
drop out of faculty to run the farm at age 16, upon the demise of
his father. This, nonetheless, gave him a chance to train
his abilities for improvising and optimizing mechanical options;
as an illustration, setting up a tractor from the stays of a
junked automobile. In his spare time, he constructed and raced bikes;
that is the place he acquired his nickname, “Smokey”, derived from the
habits of one in all his bikes.

When World Conflict II broke out in 1941, Yunick joined the Military Air
Corps, piloting a B-17 Flying Fortress named “Smokey and his
Firemen” on greater than 50 missions over Europe. He was with the
97th Bombardment Group (Heavy) of the fifteenth Air Power, at
Amendola Airfield, Italy, earlier than being transferred to the battle’s
Pacific theater following VE Day. In 1946, Yunick married and
moved to Daytona Seashore, Florida, as a result of it was heat and seemed
good when he had flown over it on coaching missions.

Smokey’s Storage

Yunick ran “Smokey’s Greatest Rattling Storage in City” on Seashore Avenue
in Daytona Seashore, Florida from 1947, when he opened the storage
repairing vans, till 1987 when he closed it, claiming that
there have been no extra good mechanics.

Vehicle racing

When Yunick’s popularity as an excellent mechanic unfold by way of the
city, Marshall Teague, a neighborhood inventory automobile race group proprietor,
invited him to affix the group and Yunick accepted, regardless of being
fully unfamiliar with inventory automobile racing. He ready a
Hudson Hornet for driver Herb Thomas for the second operating of
the Southern 500 in Darlington, South Carolina, which received the
race. By the top of his racing profession, Yunick’s groups would have
included 50 of essentially the most well-known drivers within the sport, profitable 57
races, two Grand Nationwide championships, and twice NASCAR
mechanic of the 12 months.

Between 1958 and 1973, Yunick additionally participated in Indianapolis
500 racing, his automobile profitable the 1960 race. His improvements right here
included the “Reverse Torque Particular” of 1959, with the engine
operating in reverse rotation than regular, and a automobile with the
drivers capsule mounted “sidesaddle” in 1964. In 1962, Yunick
modified open wheel racing perpetually when he mounted a wing on Jim
Rathmann’s Simoniz Vista Particular Watson Roadster. The wing,
designed to extend downforce, allowed Rathmann to achieve
cornering speeds by no means earlier than seen on the Indianapolis Motor
Speedway however created a lot drag that it truly prompted the
automobile to document slower lap occasions. The US Vehicle
Membership (USAC) instantly banned the usage of wings however they quickly
started to appear on vehicles competing in System One and by the
early Seventies USAC as soon as once more allowed their use. He additionally
participated in drag racing.

Yunick’s racing profession introduced him into contact with
representatives of the automotive trade, and he grew to become
Chevrolet’s unofficial manufacturing facility race group, in addition to heading
NASCAR efforts for Ford and Pontiac. A lot of the
high-performance growth of the Chevrolet Small-Block engine
concerned Yunick in design, testing, or each. Yunick raced
Chevrolets in 1955 and 1956, Fords in 1957 and 1958, and
Pontiacs from 1959 by way of 1963. It was with Pontiac that Yunick
grew to become the primary group proprietor to win the Daytona 500 twice (1961
and 1962), and first to place a driver, his shut pal Fireball
Roberts, on the pole thrice (1960–1962); this additionally made
Pontiac the primary producer to take action.

Following Fireball Roberts’ 1964 crash at Charlotte — the place
after 40 days in ache from burns, he died — Yunick started a
marketing campaign for security modifications to forestall a repeat of such
disasters. After being overruled repeatedly by NASCAR’s proprietor,
Invoice France Sr., Yunick left NASCAR in 1970.

As with most profitable racers, Yunick was a grasp of the grey
space straddling the principles. Maybe his most well-known exploit was
his #13 1966 Chevrolet Chevelle, pushed by Curtis Turner. The
automobile was a lot quicker than the competitors throughout testing that
they have been sure that dishonest was concerned; some type of
aerodynamic enhancement was strongly suspected, however the automobile’s
profile appeared to be solely inventory, as the principles required. It
was ultimately found that what Yunick had constructed was an
actual 7/8 scale reproduction of the manufacturing automobile. Since then,
NASCAR required every race automobile’s roof, hood, and trunk to suit
templates representing the manufacturing automobile’s actual profile. Extra
lately, these templates characterize an agreed upon
“specification physique” that has minimal connection to a manufacturing
automobile’s profile. The form has been developed with intensive wind
tunnel testing to “degree the taking part in area” throughout a number of
producer’s merchandise.

One other Yunick improvisation was getting across the laws
specifying a most measurement for the gasoline tank, through the use of eleven
foot (three meter) coils of 2-inch (5-centimeter) diameter
tubing for the gasoline line so as to add about 5 gallons (19 liters)[1] to the automobile’s gasoline capability. As soon as, NASCAR officers got here up with
a listing of 9 gadgets for Yunick to repair earlier than the automobile could be
allowed on the observe. The suspicious NASCAR officers had
eliminated the tank for inspection. Yunick began the automobile with no
gasoline tank and stated “Higher make it ten,”[2] and drove it again to
the pits. He used a basketball within the gasoline tank which could possibly be
inflated when the automobile’s gasoline capability was checked and deflated
for the race.

Yunick additionally used such improvements as offset chassis, raised
flooring, roof spoilers, nitrous oxide injection, and different
modifications usually throughout the letter of the rule-book, if not
the spirit. “All these different guys have been cheatin’ 10 occasions worse
than us,” Yunick wrote in his autobiography, “so it was simply
self-defense.” Yunick’s success was additionally as a consequence of his experience in
the aerodynamics of racing vehicles.

Yunick additionally constructed a 1968 Camaro for Trans-Am racing. Though
Yunick set a number of velocity and endurance information with the automobile at
Bonneville Speedway, with each a 302 cubic inch (~5000 cubic
centimeter) and a 396 cubic inch (~6500 cubic centimeter)
engine, it by no means received a race whereas Yunick owned it. It was later
offered to Don Yenko, who did win a number of races. In typical Yunick
style, the automobile, though superficially a inventory Camaro, had
acid-dipped physique panels and thinner window glass to scale back
weight, the entrance finish of the physique tilted downwards and the
windshield laid again for aerodynamics, all 4 fenders widened,
the entrance subframe Z’ed and the floorpan moved as much as decrease the
automobile, and plenty of different detailed modifications. The drip rails have been
even introduced nearer to the physique for a tiny aerodynamic
enchancment. A connector to the engine oil system was prolonged
into the automobile’s inside, to permit the driving force so as to add oil from a
pressurized hose throughout pit stops. In an effort to permit the driving force
sufficient freedom of motion, the shoulder harness was modified to
embrace a cable-ratchet mechanism from a army helicopter. In
1993, Vic Edelbrock, Jr. bought and restored the automobile.
Opposite to fashionable opinion, Yunick designed the primary “safer
barrier” within the early 1960’s utilizing outdated tires between sheets of
plywood however NASCAR didn’t undertake his thought and it took the demise
of Dale Earnhardt to lastly set up safer limitations at NASCAR
tracks. Indianapolis Motor Speedway was the primary observe to
set up them. Additionally Yunick developed air jacks for inventory vehicles in
1961 however NASCAR thought and nonetheless thinks it’s safer to have a
jackman operating round a automobile throughout a pitstop somewhat than utilizing
air jacks.

Awards

He was inducted within the Worldwide Motorsports Corridor of Fame
in 1990 (inaugural 12 months) and the Motorsports Corridor of Fame of
America in 2000. Smokey is a member of over 30 Halls of Fame
throughout the United State and the remainder of the world. A few of his
private gadgets, together with hats, pipes, boots, engines, and so on. are
on show (mortgage from household most of them) at museums from race
tracks to the Smithsonian (historical past of racing).

Smokey was the NASCAR Mechanic of the Yr twice.[3]

Patents

Yunick is the inventor of at the least 9 US patents.[4]
Patent Quantity  Filed  Title
4,068,635  January 17, 1978  Stress vent
4,467,752  August 28, 1984  Inside combustion engine

4,503,833  March 12, 1985  Equipment and working
technique for an inner combustion engine
4,592,329  June 21, 1984  Equipment and working
technique for an inner combustion engine
4,637,365  October 22, 1984  Gasoline conditioning
equipment and technique
4,862,859  March 2, 1988  Equipment and working
technique for an inner combustion engine
5,246,086  March 15, 1991  Oil change system and
technique
5,515,712  June 17, 1994  Equipment and technique for
testing combustion engines
5,645,368  Might 29, 1996  Race observe with novel crash
barrier and technique

Scientific achievements

Apart from racing, Yunick’s improvements embrace variable ratio
energy steering, the prolonged tip spark plug, reverse circulate
cooling methods, a excessive effectivity vapor carburetor, a
high-efficiency adiabatic engine, varied engine testing
units, and a security wall for racetracks, manufactured from discarded
tires, which NASCAR’s France had refused to contemplate. He was
granted twelve patents. He additionally experimented with artificial oil
and various vitality sources comparable to hydrogen, pure gasoline,
windmills, photo voltaic panels, in addition to involving himself in
growing the gold mining and petroleum industries in Ecuador.

Creator

His column “Say, Smokey” was a staple of Fashionable Science
journal within the Sixties and Seventies; it consisted of his responses
to letters despatched to him by readers concerning mechanical
situations affecting their vehicles and technical questions on
how automotive efficiency could possibly be improved. He additionally wrote for
Circle Observe journal, and printed his autobiography Greatest Rattling
Storage in City in January 2001. The audiobook model was
narrated by longtime pal John DeLorean.

In 1984, Yunick printed Smokey’s Energy Secrets and techniques (ISBN
0931472067).

Legacy

After Yunick’s demise, his store’s contents have been auctioned off,
in line with his needs. He had witnessed his pal Don
Garlits’ difficulties growing and sustaining a museum and
didn’t need both his household to be saddled with such a burden,
or a “excessive curler” to realize management of his popularity. As an alternative,
he most well-liked that his instruments, tools, vehicles, engines, and elements
go to individuals who would use them, and earlier than his demise he
undertook to revive as a lot of it as potential to working
situation. The proceeds of the public sale went to a basis to
fund improvements in motorsports.


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