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“Inside-out Wankel” rotary engine delivers 5X the ability of a diesel

“Inside-out Wankel” rotary engine delivers 5X the ability of a diesel

2023-04-05 09:55:35

Focused at army, business and aerospace purposes, the XTS-210 is concerning the dimension of a basketball, weighs in at 19 kg (42 lb), and displaces 210 cc. It will run on a number of fuels, together with diesel and kerosene/jet gasoline. The corporate is capturing for about 20 kW (26.8 hp) and 29.4 Nm (21.7 lb-ft) of torque, each at 6,500 rpm.

These numbers examine favorably towards the 18.8 kW (25.2 hp) and 63 Nm (46 b-ft) peak outputs of the Kohler KDW1003 E536A, says LiquidPiston, a diesel roughly 5 instances the bodily dimension of the XTS-210, and over 4 instances the load. And the XTS design makes use of simply two major shifting components: a rotor and a shaft. You possibly can see a breakdown of an older model within the video beneath.

So how do they work? “When you recall the Wankel,” LiquidPiston co-founder and CEO Alec Schkolnik defined to us in a 2020 interview, “they’ve a triangular rotor inside a peanut-shaped housing. Now we have the alternative, a peanut-shaped rotor in a tri-lobed housing. So take all the pieces you recognize concerning the Wankel and switch it actually inside out.

“They’ve an extended, skinny, shifting combustion chamber, we now have a stationary combustion chamber that is good and spherical. You possibly can drive it to a excessive compression, simply by making the chamber smaller. And since it is stationary, we are able to straight inject gasoline the place the Wankel couldn’t. So these are the 2 key benefits of the diesel: excessive compression ratio and direct injection.

“After which there’s our apex seals, they’re like our piston rings. Within the Wankel engine, they’re contained in the rotor, once more. They transfer at a excessive pace, and bounce round, they’re very laborious to lubricate. In our case, they’re stationary, they do not bounce round, and you’ll lubricate them straight from the housing.

“So we mainly solved the important thing challenges the outdated rotaries had with combustion and with oiling. These oiling challenges brought on each sturdiness points and emissions issues. By making these elements stationary, we clear up the challenges of the outdated rotary. And we additionally upgraded its cycle to present it a lot increased effectivity.”

LiquidPiston X-Engine takes flight [Long]

LiquidPiston has been engaged on these X-engines for almost 20 years now, with quite a few prototypes already examined in small planes (see above) and go-karts. Different prototypes have included naturally aspirated variations making as much as 40 hp, and forced-induction engines as much as 70 hp. They’ve run this stuff on diesel, gasoline, hydrogen and propane, they usually’re creating the XTS-210 in the meanwhile on JP-8/Jet-A gasoline attributable to its ubiquity in protection and aerospace.

The corporate is shifting to commercialize the XTS-210 off the again of a US$9-million US Military contract, with a prototype anticipated for supply in 2024. This brings LiquidPiston’s army contract complete over $30 million. Its rapid use instances are anticipated to be in transportable turbines and UAVs, though a separate challenge is evaluating it to be used in a hybrid-electric VTOL UAV.

“There are primarily no diesel engines within the 25-horsepower energy class right this moment which can be appropriate for aerospace and cell army purposes, the place dimension and weight parameters are particularly vital,” mentioned Shkolnik in a press launch. “The decreased weight, dimension, and heavy- or multi-fuel functionality of the XTS-210 delivers vital end-system functionality and utility advantages, particularly for the army to cut back provide chain and logistical burdens in an period the place ‘energy on the transfer’ is more and more vital.”

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The XTS-210 is about the size of a basketball, and makes around 25 peak horsepower
The XTS-210 is concerning the dimension of a basketball, and makes round 25 peak horsepower


As electrification takes off, it is a troublesome time to be engaged on new combustion engine ideas – however the army definitely will not be totally electrical any time quickly, and the LiquidPiston design’s portability and multi-fuel functionality might definitely see it by to quantity manufacturing if it proves environment friendly and sturdy throughout a variety of circumstances.

Supply: LiquidPiston

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