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Johari window – Wikipedia

Johari window – Wikipedia

2023-05-29 09:52:14

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Method in character growth

The Johari window is a way[1] designed to assist individuals higher perceive their relationship with themselves and others. It was created by psychologists Joseph Luft (1916–2014) and Harrington Ingham (1916–1995) in 1955, and is used primarily in self-help teams and company settings as a heuristic train.[2][3] Luft and Ingham named their mannequin “Johari” utilizing a mixture of their first names.


Within the train, somebody picks plenty of adjectives from a listing, selecting ones they really feel describe their very own character. The topic’s friends then get the identical listing, and every picks an equal variety of adjectives that describe the topic. These adjectives are then inserted right into a two-by-two grid of 4 cells.[4]

Charles Handy calls this idea the Johari Home with 4 rooms. Room one is the a part of ourselves that we and others see. Room two comprises features that others see however we’re unaware of. Room three is the personal area we all know however disguise from others. Room 4 is the unconscious a part of us that neither ourselves nor others see.[5]

The 4 quadrants[edit]

The open space is that a part of our aware self – our attitudes, conduct, motivation, values, lifestyle – that we’re conscious of and that’s recognized to others. We transfer inside this space with freedom. We’re “open books”.
Adjectives chosen by the topic, however not by any of their friends, go on this quadrant. These are issues the friends are both unaware of, or which might be unfaithful however for the topic’s declare.
Adjectives not chosen by topics, however solely by their friends go right here. These signify what others understand however the topic doesn’t.
Adjectives that neither the topic nor the friends chosen go right here. They signify the topic’s behaviors or motives that nobody taking part acknowledges – both as a result of they don’t apply or due to collective ignorance of those traits.

Johari adjectives[edit]

The participant can use adjectives like these as doable descriptions within the Johari window.[6]

See Also

  • in a position
  • accepting
  • adaptable
  • daring
  • courageous
  • calm
  • caring
  • cheerful
  • intelligent
  • advanced
  • assured
  • reliable
  • dictate
  • empathetic
  • energetic
  • extroverted
  • pleasant
  • giving
  • joyful
  • useful
  • idealistic
  • unbiased
  • ingenious
  • clever
  • introverted
  • type
  • educated
  • logical
  • loving
  • mature
  • modest
  • nervous
  • observant
  • organized
  • affected person
  • highly effective
  • proud
  • quiet
  • reflective
  • relaxed
  • spiritual
  • responsive
  • looking out
  • self-assertive
  • self-conscious
  • wise
  • sentimental
  • shy
  • foolish
  • good
  • spontaneous
  • sympathetic
  • tense
  • reliable
  • heat
  • smart
  • witty

Motivational equal[edit]

The idea of meta-emotions categorized by fundamental emotions affords the potential of a meta-emotional window as a motivational counterpart to the meta-cognitive Johari window.


One therapeutic goal stands out as the growth of the Open (Enviornment) sq. on the expense of each the Unknown sq. and the Blind Spot sq., leading to better information of oneself, whereas voluntary disclosure of Non-public (Hidden or Facade) squares could lead to better interpersonal intimacy and friendship.[7]

See additionally[edit]

  • Assertiveness – Capability of being confident with out being aggressive to defend a viewpoint
  • Shadow – Time period in Jungian psychology
  • There are known knowns – A phrase, the place its reverse, unknown unknowns, was created with the Johari window


  1. ^ Luft, J.; Ingham, H. (1955). “The Johari window, a graphic mannequin of interpersonal consciousness”. Proceedings of the Western Coaching Laboratory in Group Growth. Los Angeles: University of California, Los Angeles.
  2. ^ Pearl, Judea (1983). Heuristics: Clever Search Methods for Pc Drawback Fixing. New York, Addison-Wesley, p. vii. ISBN 978-0-201-05594-8
  3. ^ Emiliano, Ippoliti (2015). Heuristic Reasoning: Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics. Switzerland: Springer Worldwide Publishing. pp. 1–2. ISBN 978-3-319-09159-4.
  4. ^ Luft, Joseph (1969). Of Human Interaction. Palo Alto, California: Nationwide Press. p. 177.
  5. ^ “Linked-in hyperlink to the creation of Johari’s window”
  6. ^ Workers (2006). “Johari Window”. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
  7. ^ Perry, P. (2010) Sofa Fiction. pp. 123–124.

Additional studying[edit]

Exterior hyperlinks[edit]

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