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Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard / Get to know this superb park

Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard / Get to know this superb park

2023-01-08 04:55:12

A short historical past: How the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard arose


To begin with, to higher perceive the arising of the  Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard  we should keep in mind some historic info. With the event of Napoleonic wars in Europe, John VI, then prince regent of Portugal, involved with the  French troops’ invasions, leaves the nation and establishes the headquarters of the Portuguese Kingdom in Rio de Janeiro.

botanical garden Rio de Janeiro


Quickly after arriving right here, in 1808, John VI created a gunpowder manufacturing facility with a view to assure the provision of gunpowder to the complete Portuguese empire and in addition the safety of the brand new authorities headquarter.


The manufacturing facility is based after the expropriation of the Nossa Senhora da Conceição da Lagoa sugar cane farm. Thus, enchanted by the great thing about the place, Dom João VI created on June 13, 1808 within the neighborhood of the manufacturing facility, an acclimatization backyard. Its position was the introduction and acclimatization of nice worth unique vegetation usually transported to Europe, coming from the East, a conventional spice commerce heart by the point.


Some curiosities


One of many first vegetation cultivated within the backyard had been tea seedlings introduced from Macau with the goal of acclimating the plant, and thus competing with the Indies’ manufacturing, which was the most important provider on the European market.



John VI (Portuguese regent prince) ordered the arrival of Chinese language immigrants to domesticate and manipulate the leaves. In 1814, tea tradition started within the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard, from the place all of the seedlings and seeds had been unfold to different Brazilian states. Round 1820, about 300 Chinese language cultivated roughly 6,000 tea bushes within the Backyard.


Pintura de Johann Moritz Rugendas, com registro de chineses trabalhando no Jardim Botânico
Pintura de Johann Moritz Rugendas, com registro de chineses trabalhando no Jardim Botânico


So as to honor these Chinese language immigrants who got here to Rio de Janeiro to work within the tea plantation, a belvedere referred to as Chinese language View( Vista Chinesa in Portuguese) was constructed. Presently, this viewpoit attracts hundreds of vacationers yearly and has turn into a should in Rio. For additional particulars about this spot, take a look at our article Chinese language View: a stunning belvedere in Rio.


Vista Chinesa e Paisagem
Vista Chinesa e Paisagem


One other specie initially launched within the backyard, by John VI himself, was the imperial palm, which ended up changing into the image of the park.


Roystonea oleracea- Palmeira imperial
Roystonea oleracea- Imperial Palm


The place the Imperial Palm got here from?


As a revenge for the French occupation in Lisbon, reaching the American continent, the Portuguese invaded French Guiana, and already in 1808 the primary vegetation from  Gabrielle Backyard had been delivered to Brazil.


Subsequently, it was believed that the Imperial Palm tree got here from French Guiana, when Cayenne was occupied by the Portuguese, however actually the primary imperial palm got here from the La Pamplemousse  Backyard, in Mauritius. A Portuguese prisoner named Luiz de Abreu fled the Mauritius Islands and travelled to Brazil taking this unique palm tree, which was later gifted to John VI.


A enjoyable reality concerning the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard


In response to an anecdote concerning the Botanical Backyard, the imperial palm blossomed and commenced to bear fruit in 1829. Serpa Brandão, director of the Backyard between 1829-1851, in search of preserving the establishment’s monopoly on this specific specie, decided that its seeds needed to be burned yearly. Nonetheless, it’s mentioned that the slaves working within the backyard awoke throughout the night time to climb the palm timber, with a view to harvest their seeds and promote them.


Therefore the sizeable unfold of this specie all through Brazil, changing into a standing image and in order that, a number of farms started to boast imperial palm timber avenues. Through the administration of Serpa Brandão, the Aléia Barbosa Rodrigues or Aléia of the palm timber was based, thought-about at present the postcard of the park.


Aleia Barbosa Rodrigues
Aleia Barbosa Rodrigues

How the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard  is split


Above all, to profit from the park it’s good to perceive its group a bit. The vegetation are distributed in 3 ways: 1-in beds grouped in botanical households, 2-thematic greenhouses, 3-representations of Brazilian biomes, such because the Amazon and the Atlantic Rain Forest. Discover the Tijuca National Park, a typical  Atlantic Rain Forest.


The cultivated space of ​​the Botanical Backyard at present homes, exterior the greenhouses, about 9 thousand botanical specimens belonging to about 1500 species, with solely 30% of this quantity representing the nationwide flora. Nonetheless, along with the species discovered within the arboretum, there are thematic greenhouses and particular collections of scientific worth:


– the orquids home;

– bromeliads home;

– medicinal vegetation;

 – the cactus backyard;

– insectivorous vegetation.


 In these thematic collections, as a complete, the fact is the opposite manner round. For example, we are able to point out the collections of orchids and bromeliads that collectively add up greater than 8 thousand vases and 800 species, absolutely the majority  obtained in botanical expeditions in Brazil carried out by researchers from the Botanical Backyard.


Tricks to benefit from the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard

At instances, the Botanical Backyard would possibly really feel like a maze for first-time guests. So as to make your go to simpler, ask for a map by the park entrance.Often, there are indicators of the foremost points of interest signposted and thus, you may find your self and seek for particular factors of curiosity.


As well as, there’s a  smatphone App referred to as Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, which suggests routes throughout the park and presents info and curiosities about species seen alongside the best way. This software works seamlessly along with your telephone’s GPS, permitting for a greater expertise.


One other very precious tip is to pick factors within the park that you’re fascinated by seeing and make an inventory. That manner, with the assistance of the park map and the App, it is possible for you to to go to extra locations with out going round and with out getting misplaced.


Some individuals do not know on what to prioritize, nor any particular curiosity in vegetation or monuments within the park, they only go to understand the scenic magnificence and be stunned by this lush park. Subsequently, now we have chosen the highlights of the Botanical Backyard, based mostly on standards reminiscent of panorama concord, historic prominence and ecological significance.


Highlights of the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard


Cactus garden-

One of the crucial harmonious corners of the Backyard.


Flor do cacto chique-chique



Bust John VI-


Monument of the Portuguese king, the creator of the Botanical Backyard in 1808. Spotlight for the flower mattress immediately behind the statue, the place the primary imperial palm tree of the Botanical Backyard was planted. After being an attraction within the backyard for 163 years, it was struck by a lightning in 1972 and died. In brief, all of the imperial palm timber within the backyard are descendants of the “palm-mater” (mom palm, in Latin). To know this and different attention-grabbing tales concerning the backyard, go to our private tours in Rio.


Lago Frei Leandro-

Surprisingly, you may see many aquatic vegetation which are spectacular for his or her magnificence (Vitória Régia and Ninfeias) and tambaqui, an imposing measurement Amazonian fish. Across the lake, you may see the Emperor’s Desk, the place Pedro I and his son Pedro II used to have small meals when visiting the Botanical Backyard.



Aleia Barbosa Rodrigues or Aleia das palmeiras-

This lined tree avenue has big imperial palm timber in each side. There are two necessary monuments in its extension: the muses fountain (within the center) and in addition the facade of the advantageous arts college (on the finish).


Fachada Escola de Belas - Botanical Garden Rio de Janeiro
Fachada Escola de Belas


Fountain of muses-


Chafariz das Musas - Botanical Garden Rio de Janeiro
Chafariz das Musas


Though the Muses fountain (chafariz das musas, in portuguese) was introduced in 1895 by Barbosa Rodrigues, it was designed by Herbert W. Hogg, from town of Derby, England. Very near the fountain, you may see a very tall and leafy tree. That is the Sumaúma,  the most important  South American tree, that Tom Jobim used to embrace on his visits to the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard,  looking for inspiration for his songs.


See Also

Orchids Home –

Undoubtedly, one of the crucial visited thematic collections within the backyard. September is normally a spectacular month for observing orchids, as many species are in bloom. Beside the greenhouse there’s a meliponary with a number of bees native to Brazil, nonetheless you don’t have to be afraid, as none of those bees have a stinger.


Catleya sp. - Botanical Garden Rio de Janeiro
Catleya sp.



Amazon region-

An immitation space of this Brazilian biome, the place the presence of flooded areas and amazonian plant species are outstanding.The highlights are primarily the pau-mulato and the açaizeiro. Simply for instance the fauna, the black-billed toucans are incessantly seen on this space.


Tucano Giardino botanico di Rio de Janeiro
Tucano di becco nero


What to take

To see fundamental points of interest of the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard you’ll  spend not less than  from 2 to three hours strolling round. Because the backyard has an enormous space that varies between shaded and sunny elements, it’s advisable to take some gadgets, amongst them :


– Hat

– Sunscreen

– Bug Repellent

– Water

– Snack (solely allowed to eat contained in the picnic space)


Days and instances

Monday: from 12h to 17h and from Tuesday to Sunday: from 8h to 17h.



The ticket prices R $ 15.00 – kids as much as 7 years outdated and aged individuals over 60 pay half (R $ 7.50). The ticket may be paid in money or card, nonetheless overseas playing cards aren’t accepted. With the identical ticket it’s potential to enter and depart the park numerous instances, so long as it’s on the identical day.



Not solely disabled individuals, but in addition guests over 60 and pregnant ladies can take a guided panoramic tour in an electrical automobile, protecting the details of the park. Though there aren’t any lengthy stops, it is a great way for individuals who can not stroll to get to know the park.


Subsequent to the cactus space there’s a sensory backyard meant to the visually impaired and along with info in Braille, vegetation with hanging texture or odor had been chosen, in order that guests can respect the completely different vegetation in numerous methods.


Methods to get

Bicycle: Within the neighborhood of the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard there are three Bike Itaú stations. So, simply register on the Bike Itaú App and verify the places close to your house with stations. In reality, some stations permit each day rental of bicycles with a card fee. For extra info go to Bike Itaú.

Metro: Take metro line 1 or 2, get off at Botafogo Station, and take the Metro Na Superfície bus in entrance in direction of Gávea. Then, get off at Jardim Botânico Station and entry the Backyard via the gate of Rua Pacheco Leão, 101.

Bus: All bus traces passing via the Jockey cease at Rua Jardim Botânico nº 1008.

Automobile: At Praça Santos Dumont, there’s a rotary parking service provided by the Metropolis of Rio de Janeiro. So as to use it, the driving force should buy the ticket from the accredited vendor in there. Make your path to the Botanical Backyard here.


Jockey Membership parking – entrances via Rua Jardim Botânico 1003 and Praça Santos Dumont, 31 (in entrance of the sq.). Guests of Jardim Botânico RJ have a reduction. So, to get the low cost, ask for the parking stamp on the ticket workplace in Jardim and current it with the ticket when paying for parking.

For extra info, go to the park’s official web site by clicking here.

We’re the one tour operator in Rio providing probably the most various excursions of the fantastic metropolis in addition to transfers. For instance: City Tours Experience TourExtreme Sports and  Hiking Trails. Get pleasure from and get to know Rio de Janeiro from a number of completely different angles.


Did you want our article? Maybe you have an interest within the submit Parque da Tijuca: 5 must-see attractions to visit and The best hiking trails in Rio de Janeiro


Additionally don’t miss out our checklist with the best vegetarian restaurants in Rio 

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