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Scientists have mapped a secret hidden hall in Nice Pyramid of Giza

Scientists have mapped a secret hidden hall in Nice Pyramid of Giza

2023-03-02 17:43:18

Map of the known corridors and rooms inside the Great Pyramid of Giza. Evidence of a secret corridor was detected in 2016 behind the famed chevron blocks on the north face (h). Another mysterious large void (i) was discovered in 2017—a possible hidden chamber.
Enlarge / Map of the recognized corridors and rooms contained in the Nice Pyramid of Giza. Proof of a secret hall was detected in 2016 behind the famed chevron blocks on the north face (h). One other mysterious massive void (i) was found in 2017—a potential hidden chamber.

Procureur et al., 2023

In 2016, scientists utilizing muon imaging picked up signals indicating a hidden hall behind the well-known chevron blocks on the north face of the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt. The next 12 months, the identical workforce detected a mysterious void in one other space of the pyramid, believing it may very well be a hidden chamber. Two unbiased groups of researchers, utilizing two completely different muon imaging strategies, have now efficiently mapped out the hall for the primary time, in line with a new paper printed within the journal Nature Communications. Zahi Hawass, Egypt’s former antiquities minister, called it “an important discovery of the twenty first century.”

As we have reported previously, there’s a lengthy historical past of utilizing muons to image archaeological structures, a course of made simpler as a result of cosmic rays present a gradual provide of those particles. An engineer named E.P. George used them to make measurements of an Australian tunnel within the Fifties. However Nobel-prize-winning physicist Luis Alvarez actually put muon imaging on the map when he teamed up with Egyptian archaeologists to make use of the method to seek for hidden chambers within the Pyramid of Khafre at Giza. Though it labored in precept, they did not discover any hidden chambers.

There are a lot of variations of muon imaging, however all of them usually contain gas-filled chambers. As muons zip by means of the gasoline, they collide with the gasoline particles and emit a telltale flash of sunshine, which is recorded by the detector, permitting scientists to calculate the particle’s power and trajectory. It is much like X-ray imaging or ground-penetrating radar, besides with naturally occurring high-energy muons fairly than X-rays or radio waves. That increased power makes it potential to picture thick, dense substances just like the stones used to construct pyramids. The denser the imaged object, the extra muons are blocked, casting a telltale shadow. Hidden chambers in a pyramid would present up within the last picture as a result of they blocked fewer particles.

Muons are getting used to hunt for illegally transported nuclear supplies at border crossings and to watch lively volcanoes in hopes of detecting once they may erupt. In 2008, scientists at the University of Texas, Austin, tried to observe in Alvarez’s footsteps, repurposing outdated muon detectors to seek for potential hidden Mayan ruins in Belize. And physicists at Los Alamos Nationwide Laboratory have been developing portable versions of muon imaging programs to unlock the development secrets and techniques of the hovering dome (Il Duomo) atop the Cathedral of St. Mary of the Flower in Florence, Italy, designed by Filippo Brunelleschi within the early fifteenth century. The dome has been affected by cracks for hundreds of years, and muon imaging may assist preservationists work out how one can repair it.

See Also

The Great Pyramid of Giza.
Enlarge / The Nice Pyramid of Giza.

As Annalee Newitz wrote for Ars in 2017, the Pharaoh Khufu (2509-2483 BCE) ordered the Nice Pyramid to be constructed at Giza roughly 4,500 years in the past. The construction remained sealed till 820 CE, when the Caliph al-Ma’mun broke open one in all its partitions and found three chambers inside, organized vertically: the King’s Chamber, the Queen’s Chamber, and an deserted subterranean chamber, related by the “Grand Gallery,” a big hall. There’s additionally a descending hall, an ascending hall, and a passage dug within the Center Ages that now serves as a vacationer’s entrance.

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