Now Reading
Tierra (pc simulation) – Wikipedia

Tierra (pc simulation) – Wikipedia

2023-10-28 16:19:16

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A operating Tierra simulation

Tierra is a computer simulation developed by ecologist Thomas S. Ray within the early Nineteen Nineties through which computer programs compete for time (central processing unit (CPU) time) and house (entry to main memory). On this context, the pc packages in Tierra are thought-about to be evolvable and might mutate, self-replicate and recombine. Tierra’s digital machine is written in C.[1] It operates on a customized instruction set designed to facilitate code modifications and reordering, together with options resembling soar to template[2] (versus the relative or absolute jumps frequent to most instruction units).


The fundamental Tierra mannequin has been used to experimentally discover in silico the fundamental processes of evolutionary and ecological dynamics. Processes such because the dynamics of punctuated equilibrium, host-parasite co-evolution and density-dependent natural selection are amenable to investigation inside the Tierra framework. A notable distinction between Tierra and extra standard fashions of evolutionary computation, resembling genetic algorithms, is that there isn’t a express, or exogenous fitness function constructed into the mannequin. Typically in such fashions there may be the notion of a perform being “optimized”; within the case of Tierra, the health perform is endogenous: there may be merely survival and demise.

In response to Thomas S. Ray and others, this will enable for extra “open-ended” evolution, through which the dynamics of the suggestions between evolutionary and ecological processes can itself change over time (see evolvability), though this declare has not been realized – like different digital evolution programs, it will definitely reaches a degree the place novelty ceases to be created, and the system at massive begins both looping or ceases to ‘evolve’. The problem of how true open-ended evolution might be applied in a synthetic system remains to be an open query within the subject of artificial life.[3]

Mark Bedau and Norman Packard developed a statistical technique of classifying evolutionary programs and in 1997, Bedau et al. utilized these statistics to Evita, an Artificial life mannequin just like Tierra and Avida, however with restricted organism interplay and no parasitism, and concluded that Tierra-like programs don’t exhibit the open-ended evolutionary signatures of naturally evolving programs.[4]

See Also

Russell K. Standish has measured the informational complexity of Tierran ‘organisms’, and has equally not noticed complexity progress in Tierran evolution.[5]

Tierra is an summary mannequin, however any quantitative mannequin remains to be topic to the identical validation and verification strategies utilized to extra conventional mathematical models, and as such, has no particular standing. The creation of extra detailed fashions through which extra real looking dynamics of organic programs and organisms are integrated is now an lively analysis subject (see systems biology).

See additionally[edit]


  1. ^ Ray, Thomas. “What this Program is”. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  2. ^ Ray, Thomas. “Available instructions”. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  3. ^ Bedau M.A., McCaskill J.S. et al., “Open issues in synthetic life”, Synthetic Life, 2000 Fall 6(4):363-76
  4. ^ Bedau, M.A., Snyder, E., Brown, C.T. and Packard, N.H. 1997, “A Comparability of Evolutionary Exercise in Synthetic Evolving Techniques and within the Biosphere”, in Fourth European Convention on Synthetic Life, Husbands and Harvey (eds), MIT press, p125
  5. ^ Standish, R.Okay. 2003 “Open-ended synthetic evolution”, Worldwide Journal of Computational Intelligence and Purposes 3(2), 167-175

Additional studying[edit]

  • Bentley, Peter, J. 2001, “Digital Biology:How Nature is remodeling Our Know-how and Our Lives”, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY. Beforehand revealed in Nice Britain in 2001 by Headline Ebook Publishing.
  • Ray, T. S. 1991, “Evolution and optimization of digital organisms”, in Billingsley Okay.R. et al. (eds), Scientific Excellence in Supercomputing: The IBM 1990 Contest Prize Papers, Athens, GA, 30602: The Baldwin Press, The College of Georgia. Publication date: December 1991, pp. 489–531.
  • Casti, John L. (1997). Would-Be-Worlds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York ISBN 0-471-12308-0

Exterior hyperlinks[edit]

Source Link

What's Your Reaction?
In Love
Not Sure
View Comments (0)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

2022 Blinking Robots.
WordPress by Doejo

Scroll To Top